First, ask yourself: Do you regard pet insurance as a financial investment, where you expect to get back more in benefits than you paid out in premiums over the pet's life? Or, is it more like auto or homeowner's insurance, where you hope nothing ever goes seriously wrong, but you want coverage in case there's a catastrophe?
Either way, here are some basic facts about pet insurance that may help you decide whether it's right for you:
Pet insurance shares many features with human health insurance: Policies typically have annual deductibles, co-payments and exclusions, and some limit which veterinarians, clinics and hospitals you can use.
But there are numerous differences as well. For example, pet insurers are allowed to refuse coverage for preexisting conditions and to set annual and lifetime payout limits. Among the many other restrictions you should watch for when comparing plans are:
* Premiums vary greatly depending on where you live and may increase based on your pet's age, breed, veterinary cost inflation and other factors.
* Typically you must pay the vet or hospital bill out of pocket and get reimbursed later.
* Many plans deny or restrict coverage for congenital or hereditary conditions (such as hip dysplasia in dogs or kidney failure in cats) and preventable conditions like periodontal disease.
* Along with annual and lifetime maximums on benefits paid out, there may be a limit on how much it will pay for treatment of an individual illness or accident.
* If your pet suffers a particular disorder one year, don't be surprised if that condition is excluded at renewal -- or if you're required to pay an additional fee for future coverage.
* Pets over certain age limits frequently are denied coverage.
* Certain breeds are often excluded or only eligible for restricted coverage.
* Some carriers let you augment your accident and illness policy with optional "wellness care" coverage for things like spaying and neutering, annual physicals, vaccines and routine tests. Make sure the additional premium is worth the extra cost.
Perhaps the biggest challenge when choosing pet insurance is trying to compare plans, apples to apples. There are about a dozen carriers in the U.S. Each offers a variety of plans with varying deductible, copayment and maximum coverage amounts, as well as different covered benefits and exclusions.
You can go directly to their websites for plan details and to request a quote, or use an independent comparison website to pull quotes from multiple carriers. I'd recommend creating a spreadsheet to compare benefits and costs side by side, just as you would when shopping for auto insurance.
Bottom line: If you decide pet insurance isn't right for you, at least be sure you're setting money aside to cover expected and unexpected expenses.
Jason Alderman directs Visa's financial education programs. To participate in a free, online Financial Literacy and Education Summit on April 2, go to www.practicalmoneyskills.com/summit2014.
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